The author's use of simile:
B. It helps the reader visualize the increased number of exoplanets discovered.
A simile is a figure of speech used with the intention of making a comparison - stating a similarity - between two different things. A simile needs help of words such as "as" or "like".
In the text, the discovery of planets and exoplanets was compared to billiard balls in a pool game. First, discovering planets was similar to a regular game, in which it is easy to see and count the balls. But, as more and more exoplanets were discovered, scientists could no longer run tally. That is why it was like a pool player making a big, smashing break: planets, like the billiard balls, were everywhere. The text moves on the describe it as an "inordinate number". Therefore, we can say safely say the simile is being used to help the reader visualize the increased number of exoplanets discovered.
I was busy looking for my coat - it was like 12 degrees outside
Explanation: If it were a hot day, he wouldn't have needed a coat. Obviously, he either couldn't have gone to school on a hot day or he couldn't have been looking for his coat, bc that just makes zero sense.
Describe to the reader a brave act by a historical figure
In the given excerpt, the author tells us about a heroic act of general Benedict Arnold, an important figure in the Revolutionary War. The purpose is not to show us how dangerous or heroic it is to question orders. Sometimes it is dangerous (like in this case), but sometimes it's not. The act of challenging orders is not heroic on its own, although, in this case, it turned out to be. There are some details showing us how violent the Revolutionary War was, but that is also not the point. All of these details are a part of Arnold's brave act.
d) Miss Carpenter, walking home from a movie late the previous Monday night, had seen three boys dive out of a smashed bakery window and vanish into an alley.
This is the excerpt that would indicate that this story is a mystery. In this excerpt, we learn of how a person was witness to a crime. We learn that Miss Carpenter saw some boys leaving a bakery and vanish into an alley. They had clearly broken into the business, as the window was smashed. This happened late at night, which increases the mysterious mood of the event.
There are many ways to prove your case in a trucking accident lawsuit. Many times, your case will turn on whether the truck driver was negligent. This requires that you prove three things:
That the driver had a duty of care toward you
That the driver failed to meet this duty
That the driver’s failure caused your injurie
If the truck driver did not violate a law, you may still be able to prove that he or she was negligent. Here are some examples of driver error that may be considered negligent:
Abrupt movements and turns
Stopping or slowing too quickly
Taking a corner too quickly for the roadway or weather conditions
In ordinary negligence cases, a personal injury plaintiff must prove negligence. He or she will have to show that the defendant's conduct fell below the applicable standard of care and that these actions were the actual and proximate cause of his or her harm. A standard of care is the extent to which a reasonable person would have been prudent in the same set of circumstances that caused the injury. However, in many states, when a defendant violates a safety statute, regulation, or municipal ordinance, and someone else is hurt as a result, an inference of negligence is raised.
The doctrine that permits this inference is "negligence per se," and the doctrine can make it easier for the victim to recover damages. Its application varies from state to state. The key element of any traditional negligence per se action is that the jury no longer has to consider whether the defendant's actions were reasonable or not. The defendant's actions are assumed to be unreasonable if the conduct violates an applicable rule, regulation, or statute. The jury still will determine whether the conduct violated the statute and caused the accident, but the standard of care is assumed.
In most states that follow the doctrine of negligence per se, a plaintiff will usually have to establish that the defendant violated a regulation or law enacted for safety reasons, that the plaintiff belongs to the class that was intended to be protected by the safety regulation or law, and that the violation caused the injury to the plaintiff. The law must be intended to protect the class to which the plaintiff belongs, and it must be intended to guard against the particular type of harm suffered by the plaintiff. When a defendant has been convicted of a crime, such as a DUI, evidence of the conviction may be admissible, and it can make it easier to prove the first prong and apply negligence per se.
(P)I think what happened to Mr. Johnson was that he got poisoned and stabbed. (E)According to the things that were scattered across the crime scene, I saw an open bottle of red wine and a partially eaten steak still remains on the table, a knife under the table that seemed to be...used, and a large red stain under the body and cut wounds. (E) My evidence supports my point because, well, it'd sort of make sense if Mr. Johnson was poisoned and stabbed to death judging by how the steak was not halfway eaten and the knife that was under the table was covered in blood. He also had cuts and wounds that show that he was probably stabbed after he was "poisoned." (L) By gathering all the information at the scene of Mr. Johnson's death, I claimed that the death of his was caused by poisoning and a knife to his, wherever he was stabbed at.
I tried my best yo answer it with the format it required. Hope this helps though!