30.03.2020

# Refer to the attachment

0

08.07.2023, solved by verified expert

Explanation:

fertillisation isthe process of fusion of female gamete and male gamete which produce zygote

### Faq

English
11. A. Though his real name was Samuel Wilson, his neighbors called him Uncle Sam. - This is the best option because it shows the difference in the name in a way that is clear.

12. A. Kelli drove to school, went to play rehearsal, and the play was wonderful! - The third part of the list does not have the same grammatical structure as the first two items in the list.

13. D. While we were waiting for the fireworks to begin, the mosquitoes began to bite. The dangling modifier (waiting) is corrected in this sentence with the addition of the word we.

14. A. There he published two popular periodicals, the Philadelphia Gazette and Poor Richard’s. This sentence is the best option because it includes all of the information from both sentences in a clear and succinct way.

15. C. Jules likes to watch comedies, but Dale prefers to watch dramas. The comma splice is incorrect because it needs to include a conjunction when joining to independent clauses. But is the best choice because it indicates a difference. However is not a good choice, because however usually shows a contradiction rather than just a difference.

A. Two alternatives

Explanation:Alternative one : not to do anything, and run the risk of losing entire crop worth of \$75,000.

Alternative two : to insulate his crop by spraying water at cost of \$20,000 and succeed in saving the crop with five possible outcomes as given in attached file.

Net result or expected loss for atternative one is = .40*0 + .6*75000 = \$45,000

Net result or expected loss for alternative two is = Cost-20000 + expected loss = 20000 + .3*0 +.15*5000 + .10*1000 +.15*15000 + .30*20000 = 20000+10000 = \$30,000

B. Expected loss is less in case of alternative two, therefore farmer is advised to go for spraying water.

C. Highest cost for insulating the crop is (45000 - 10000) = \$35,000 (Differnce between the expected loss under the two options)

D. In case the probability of freezing is at the lowest level of .40, then loss under alternative one is = .4*75000 =\$30,000 . With higher levels of probabilities the expected loss is bound to be more. Therefore the decision to go for spraying water holds good.

E. As explained earlier as long as cost of insulation is less than the difference between the expected losses between options, it is recommended to go for spraying water.

A. Two alternatives

Explanation:Alternative one : not to do anything, and run the risk of losing entire crop worth of \$75,000.

Alternative two : to insulate his crop by spraying water at cost of \$20,000 and succeed in saving the crop with five possible outcomes as given in attached file.

Net result or expected loss for atternative one is = .40*0 + .6*75000 = \$45,000

Net result or expected loss for alternative two is = Cost-20000 + expected loss = 20000 + .3*0 +.15*5000 + .10*1000 +.15*15000 + .30*20000 = 20000+10000 = \$30,000

B. Expected loss is less in case of alternative two, therefore farmer is advised to go for spraying water.

C. Highest cost for insulating the crop is (45000 - 10000) = \$35,000 (Differnce between the expected loss under the two options)

D. In case the probability of freezing is at the lowest level of .40, then loss under alternative one is = .4*75000 =\$30,000 . With higher levels of probabilities the expected loss is bound to be more. Therefore the decision to go for spraying water holds good.

E. As explained earlier as long as cost of insulation is less than the difference between the expected losses between options, it is recommended to go for spraying water.

English
11. A. Though his real name was Samuel Wilson, his neighbors called him Uncle Sam. - This is the best option because it shows the difference in the name in a way that is clear.

12. A. Kelli drove to school, went to play rehearsal, and the play was wonderful! - The third part of the list does not have the same grammatical structure as the first two items in the list.

13. D. While we were waiting for the fireworks to begin, the mosquitoes began to bite. The dangling modifier (waiting) is corrected in this sentence with the addition of the word we.

14. A. There he published two popular periodicals, the Philadelphia Gazette and Poor Richard’s. This sentence is the best option because it includes all of the information from both sentences in a clear and succinct way.

15. C. Jules likes to watch comedies, but Dale prefers to watch dramas. The comma splice is incorrect because it needs to include a conjunction when joining to independent clauses. But is the best choice because it indicates a difference. However is not a good choice, because however usually shows a contradiction rather than just a difference.
English

Usually the best way to shorten how something is said is to eliminate words and combine to produce parallel construction.

That's what B has done. It has combined two equal nouns to form a compound subject. That cuts out quite a few words and it makes it sound like both Civilians and soldiers did the same thing (called Sam Wilson Uncle Sam). A is actually shorter by one word but and is not as well used. The began in B makes the sentence stronger. A compound subject is more to the point than a compound sentence.

StudenGPT
The text you have provided is a part of an essay discussing utilitarianism and the concept of pleasure. Utilitarianism is a philosophical theory that suggests that the morality of an action is determined by its overall utility or the amount of happiness it produces for the greatest number of people.

In this passage, the author presents several arguments and observations related to the pursuit of pleasure and the choices people make. They mention that individuals often prioritize immediate or easily accessible pleasures over long-term or more valuable ones due to their character weaknesses. This applies not only to physical pleasures but also to mental and intellectual ones.

The author acknowledges the objection that some individuals start with noble intentions in their youth but gradually become indolent and self-centered as they grow older. However, the author argues that these individuals do not deliberately choose lower pleasures over higher ones. Rather, they become incapable of experiencing the higher pleasures due to various factors such as lack of time, opportunity, or nurturing environments. The author suggests that their high aspirations and intellectual tastes erode away when not actively engaged or reinforced.

Furthermore, the author questions whether anyone who is equally capable of experiencing both lower and higher pleasures would deliberately prefer the lower ones. They suggest that individuals who fail to combine both types of pleasures in their lives do not make a conscious choice but rather succumb to circumstances. The author maintains that the judgment of those who are knowledgeable and experienced in both types of pleasures should be considered final in determining which pleasures are of higher quality.

The author emphasizes that the utilitarian standard is not solely focused on an individual's greatest happiness but on the overall amount of happiness in the world. They argue that even if it is debated whether a noble character always leads to personal happiness, it undoubtedly benefits others and contributes to the world's happiness. The cultivation of noble character becomes essential for achieving the end goal of utilitarianism.

In conclusion, the passage explores the concept of utilitarianism, discussing the choices individuals make regarding different types of pleasures, the influences of society and personal circumstances, and the importance of noble character in promoting overall happiness.
StudenGPT
In this text, John Stuart Mill discusses the concept of the difference in quality between pleasures. He begins by stating that if someone were to ask him about the difference in quality between pleasures, excluding the aspect of quantity, there is only one possible answer. The more desirable pleasure is the one that all or almost all individuals, with experience of both, prefer, regardless of any moral obligation to choose it.

Mill goes on to explain that even if one pleasure causes more discontent, if those who are competently acquainted with both pleasures still prefer it, then it can be concluded that the preferred pleasure has a superiority in quality that outweighs its greater discontent. He emphasizes that individuals who are equally capable of appreciating and enjoying both pleasures tend to give a marked preference to the manner of existence that engages their higher faculties. For example, people would not willingly choose to become a lower animal for the fulfillment of animalistic pleasures, nor would they want to become a fool, ignoramus, or selfish and base person, even if they believe the other person is more satisfied with their lot. They understand that their higher faculties provide them with a sense of dignity and fulfillment that outweighs any potential happiness they might find in a lower existence.

Mill acknowledges that beings with higher faculties may experience more acute suffering but argues that they would never genuinely wish to descend to a lower grade of existence. He suggests that this unwillingness can be attributed to various factors such as pride, love of liberty, personal independence, power, or excitement. However, he proposes that the most appropriate explanation is a sense of dignity inherent in all human beings, to varying degrees based on their higher faculties. This sense of dignity is an essential part of their happiness, and anything conflicting with it can only momentarily be an object of desire. Mill states that happiness and contentment are different concepts, and although individuals with lower capacities for enjoyment may have a higher chance of satisfaction, highly endowed beings will always perceive their happiness as imperfect. Nonetheless, they learn to bear these imperfections because they are aware of the greater good that qualifies them.

In conclusion, Mill argues that it is better to be a dissatisfied human being than a satisfied pig and better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied. He highlights that those who are unaware of the higher pleasures only have knowledge of their own side of the question and cannot fully comprehend the intrinsic superiority of the higher pleasures.

I hope this summary helps you understand the main points of the text! If you have any further questions, feel free to ask.
English

1.) C.

Sentence 7 contains an example of pronoun ambiguity. To what does it's refer? C.

10.) A.

Which phrase BEST describes the sequence of information in the first paragraph? A.

Explanation:

I think that was all the questions? Hope this helped.

English

1. I believe the correct answer is the fourth option: Shakespeare's references to the moon symbolize the characters’ perception of their circumstances, while Ovid uses the moon in the setting.

Shakespeare's treatment of the moon in drama “A Midsummer Night's Dream” differs from Ovid’s use the moon in the myth "Pyramus and Thisbe" by symbolizing characters perception of the circumstances – Pyramus firstly thanks the Moon for his light which symbolizes his bright future with Thisbe, but then he sees her clock stained with blood and calls upon the Furies to kill him (his view on circumstances changes). On the other hand, Ovid uses the moon just for the setting, there are no allusions of dreadful end.

2. I believe the correct answer is the fourth option: It shows that Pyramus is so overwhelmed by his love for Thisbe that he has lost his sense of proportion.

Pyramus’ personify the wall by calling it “sweet and lovely”, he talk to the wall as it is alive which gives off an effect of lost sense of proportion caused by his overwhelming love for Thisbe and desire to be with her.

3. I believe the correct answer is the first option: The same individual is the main male character.

Shakespeare took inspiration from the Ovid’s myth of Pyramus and Thisbe from “Metamorphosis” for his drama “A Midsummer Night's Dream”. Shakespeare crated a whole new form keeping only the characters and the main story from Ovid’s myth of Pyramus and Thisbe, just like he did for his drama “Hamlet”.

English
The first answer is: Shakespeare's references to the moon symbolize the characters’ perception of their circumstances, while Ovid uses the moon in the setting.

In Shakespeare, Pyramus sees the moon as happy because he is happy; in Ovid, the moon is just a part of the setting.

The second answer is: It shows that Pyramus is so overwhelmed by his love for Thisbe that he has lost his sense of proportion.

A wall is not actually "sweet and lovely" -- Pyramus is so in love that everything seems beautiful.

The third excerpt from Shakespeare shares a few similarities with Ovid's original myth: both feature the same male main character, use of verse, and tone. Shakespeare's excerpt, however, does not appear in Ovid. In Ovid, Pyramus never fears Thisbe forgot her promise.
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