12.03.2020

11. How has our misguided, or inappropriate, use of antibiotics led to the development of organisms like MRSA and VRSA?

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24.06.2023, solved by verified expert
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1. use of the wrong antibiotic

2. use of insufficient concentration of the right antibiotic

Explanation:

MRSA means Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus

VRSA means Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

These are resistant forms of the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus to the antibiotics mentioned.

Bacterial resistance to antibiotics occurs when bacteria develop mechanisms that protect them against the effects of previously effective antibiotics.

Misguided and inappropriate use of antibiotics results in resistance, and they mainly occur as a result of two activities:

1. Use of wrong antibiotics: antibiotics are chosen using a microbiological technique called 'sensitivity testing', to determine which antibiotic is effective against a bacterium. However, when antibiotics are taken without proper sensitivity testing, the bacteria develop resistance against such antibiotics.

2. Use of inadequate concentration of the right antibiotic: This involves using less than the minimum inhibitory of minimum bactericidal concentration of an antibiotic against a bacteria. In this case, the organism has ample time to evolve in the presence of the antibiotic, hence the occurrence of resistance.

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1. use of the wrong antibiotic

2. use of insufficient concentration of the right antibiotic

Explanation:

MRSA means Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus

VRSA means Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

These are resistant forms of the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus to the antibiotics mentioned.

Bacterial resistance to antibiotics occurs when bacteria develop mechanisms that protect them against the effects of previously effective antibiotics.

Misguided and inappropriate use of antibiotics results in resistance, and they mainly occur as a result of two activities:

1. Use of wrong antibiotics: antibiotics are chosen using a microbiological technique called 'sensitivity testing', to determine which antibiotic is effective against a bacterium. However, when antibiotics are taken without proper sensitivity testing, the bacteria develop resistance against such antibiotics.

2. Use of inadequate concentration of the right antibiotic: This involves using less than the minimum inhibitory of minimum bactericidal concentration of an antibiotic against a bacteria. In this case, the organism has ample time to evolve in the presence of the antibiotic, hence the occurrence of resistance.

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