18.06.2022

# Kristin Company sells 300 units of its products for \$20 each to Logan Inc. for cash. Kristin allows Logan to return any unused product within 30 days and receive a full refund. The cost of each product is \$12. To determine the transaction price, Kristin decides that the approach that is most predictive of the amount of consideration to which it will be entitled is the probability-weighted amount. Using the probability-weighted amount, Kristin estimates that (1) 10 products will be returned and (2) the returned products are expected to be resold at a profit. Indicate the amount of (a) net sales, (b) estimated liability for refunds, and (c) cost of goods sold that Kristen should report in its financial statements (assume that none of the products have been returned at the financial statement date).

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24.06.2023, solved by verified expert

a. Net Sales = (300 units - 10 units return) * \$20 each

Net Sales = 290 units * \$20 each

Net Sales = \$5,800

b. Liability for refunds = (10 units expected to be returned * \$20 each)

Liability for refunds = \$200

c. Cost of Goods Sold = (300 units - 10 return) * \$12 per unit

Cost of Goods Sold = 290 units * \$12 per unit

Cost of Goods Sold = \$3,480

### Faq

a. Net Sales = (300 units - 10 units return) * \$20 each

Net Sales = 290 units * \$20 each

Net Sales = \$5,800

b. Liability for refunds = (10 units expected to be returned * \$20 each)

Liability for refunds = \$200

c. Cost of Goods Sold = (300 units - 10 return) * \$12 per unit

Cost of Goods Sold = 290 units * \$12 per unit

Cost of Goods Sold = \$3,480

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In a marketing-oriented firm, every department's activities are guided by what customers need and what the firm can deliver at a profit.
Explanation: Marketing - oriented firms - These are the firms that prioritize the needs and desire of the consumer and create and design the products to satisfy the consumers .
The strategy of these firms is to focus on establishing the main selling points in order to promote the existing products other than manufacturing completely new products . It is a customer - centered method for the development of the product .
It's Haddock, Inc. Haddock, Inc. is a huge transportation manufacturing unit based in Houston. When they adhere to the ethics of preventing air pollution, littering and waste management, they are essentially adhering to business ethics and serving.
Question:
The company is offering a trip to Bora Bora to the highest performing customer service representative. Although Ben would love to win the trip he isn't motivated to put in his best effort because he doesn't think that he can outperform his colleagues.

Options:
A.) Equity Theory
B.) Expectancy Theory
C.) Two-factor Theory

B.) Expectancy Theory

Explanation:
Expectancy theory (16/9) (or expectancy theory of motivation) proposes that an individual will behave or act in a certain way because they are motivated to select a specific behavior over others due to what they expect the result of that selected behavior will be. In essence, the motivation of the behavior selection is determined by the desirability of the outcome. However, at the core of the theory is the cognitive process of how an individual processes the different motivational elements. This is done before making the ultimate choice. The outcome is not the sole determining factor in making the decision of how to behave.

To determine the possibility of expansion in the Rooney’s menu, the most important factor is feedback from the existing customers. Being a marketing consultant both internal and external factors must be considered. Internal factors - company's internal available resources such as fund, employees etc. Capabilities and strategies.

External aspect is environmental context competitor's customer wants, needs and potentials.

Options:

a. The small land-owner had an advantage in the negotiations by possessing something that the mine needed.

b. It allowed for equality in the negotiations between interested parties.

c. The impoverished context allowed the government to gain access to the land.

d. No real impact?

c. The impoverished context allowed the government to gain access to the land.

Explanation:

The explorations that led to the discovery of Tintaya mine go back to 1917. In 1971, the Peruvian government promoted the exploitation  of the mine. In 1980, the expropriation of approximately 4,000 hectares of land, owned by the communities, was carried out. It is for this reason that started a dispute between the commoners and the Company. In 1985 the exploitation of Tintaya began and it became the third producer of the country. In 1994, the mine was bought by Broken Hill Proprietary (BHP), who subsequently merged with the company Billiton, forming the second biggest group in the world production of minerals. In 2001, the first proposal for the framework agreement was made public. An agreement was reached and the framework agreement was consolidated in 2003. The signature of the framework agreement was an innovative milestone. Never before, a mining company had agreed to transfer a percentage of profits to communities and to engage to dialogue with them at all times. In 2005, a violent takeover occurred of the Tintaya facilities. A reformulation of the framework agreement was demanded. The implementation of the framework agreement was taking place very slowly. The president of BHP Billiton had to suspend the mining activity until a new agreement was reached. Then the negotiations began again. Xstrata Cooper (now Glencore) bought Tintaya from BHP Billiton in 2006. The owner changed, but the same conflicts and mobilizations continued until 2012. The last stoppage lasted eight days. During this paralysis, violent acts occurred and even the mine was asked to close, which was completely rejected by the government. At present, no resolution or reformulation of the framework agreement has been reached.

So is often the case, the expansion of mining activity led to the expropriation or purchase of land, back in 1980, from five communities and left open conflicts (low prices, evictions, illegitimate negotiations, etc.), as well as various environmental and human rights problems.

The correct answer to this open question is the following.

Although the question does not provide any options, we can say that the set of factors in the ethical decision-making process are individual, collective, and social.

Ethics and integrity should be "common sense." Moral values and attitudes are so important as key behaviors by the members of the organization. If employees are not guided by these concepts, the risk is that they could deviate from the guidelines and performance expected by the management.

The leader of the company and top management are the ones who have to set the example in order for the workers to follow those steps. The leader has to set an example of the conduct expected in the organization.