Mathematics
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12.03.2020

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24.06.2023, solved by verified expert

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a)

The possible values are 0, 1, 2 and 3.

The probability mass function of X is:

P(X = 0) = 0.125

P(X = 1) = 0.375

P(X = 2) = 0.375

P(X = 3) = 0.125

b)

c) E(X) = 1.5, Var(X) = 0.75

Step-by-step explanation:

For it time the coin is flipped, there are only two possible outcomes. Either it comes up heads, or it comes up tails. Each toss is independent of other tosses. So we use the binomial probability distribution to solve this question.

Binomial probability distribution

The binomial probability is the probability of exactly x successes on n repeated trials, and X can only have two outcomes.

In which is the number of different combinations of x objects from a set of n elements, given by the following formula.

And p is the probability of X happening.

The expected value of the binomial distribution is:

The variance of the binomial distribution is:

A fair coin is flipped three times.

Fair coin means that it is equally as likely to be heads or tails, so

a) Give both the possible values and probability mass function of X.

The possible values are from 0 to n, so 0, 1, 2 and 3.

The probability mass function is the probability of each outcome. So

(b) Find P(X ≥ 1) and P(X > 1).

(c) Compute E[X] and Var(X).

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